Oil for Development Programme
Oil and gas play an important role in an increasing number of developing countries, and has the potential to generate economic and social development. In several cases, however, it has proven difficult to translate the resource into improved welfare for citizens of those countries.
Norway continues to receive numerous requests from countries that wish to learn from our experience in petroleum management, which is why the Government of Norway initiated the Oil for Development (OfD) Programme in 2005.
Through the OfD Programme, Norway shares its experience from more than four decades of managing oil and gas resources. Some key characteristics of the Norwegian experience are:
- strategic ownership by the state, strong and competent institutions
- continual accumulation of technical knowledge, an advanced regulatory system with high respect for the environment, health and safety
- the society’s determination to secure national control over petroleum resources
In collaboration with partner countries, the OfD Programme targets poverty reduction through responsible management of petroleum resources.
The main approach of the OfD Programme is support for capacity development through institutional collaboration. This involves Norwegian public institutions entering into long-term cooperation agreements with public institutions in partner countries.
The Norwegian public institutions involved in the OfD Programme are:
- The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate
- Norwegian Environment Agency
- Petroleum Safety Authority Norway
- Norwegian Oil Taxation Office
- Norwegian Coastal Administration
- Statistics Norway
The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Climate and Environment, the Ministry of Transport and Communications and the Ministry of Finance oversee the assistance provided. The Programme also coordinates activities with Statistics Norway and the Office of the Auditor General of Norway.
Other partners involved in the Programme are consultancies and research institutions, multilateral actors such as the IMF and the World Bank, as well as civil society organizations, the media and academia.