The Oil for Development programme in Ghana

Ghana has Africa’s fifth-largest oil reserves and sixth-largest natural gas reserves. The country started producing oil in commercial quantities in 2010.

Ghana sought assistance early on from Norway and other partners, with the aim of managing these natural resources well.

The aim is to enhance the legal framework and public sector capacity to avoid the ‘resource curse’ and secure inclusive growth from petroleum revenues.

Ghana has been a partner to the OfD programme since 2007 and now shares its expertise with other African countries that are embarking on oil and gas production.

The first five-year OfD programme between Ghana and Norway ended in 2014. Two new agreements on resource and environment governance were signed in 2015 and will continue through 2019. A new three-year agreement on petroleum revenue management was signed in 2018.

Key achievements 2017

Enhanced legal and regulatory framework:

  • Ghana’s Ministry of Petroleum and Petroleum Commission  has completed further regulations relating to the  new petroleum exploration and production law with  support from Norway’s Ministry of Petroleum and  Energy, Petroleum Directorate, Petroleum Safety  Authority and legal experts. The petroleum HSE and  data management regulations were passed by parliament  and came into force in December 2017. The draft  general petroleum regulations are nearly complete.
  • A draft environmental policy related to the petroleum  sector has been issued for stakeholder hearings. The  OfD programme has assisted in drafting a regulation  for pollution control of petroleum exploration and  exploitation activities.

Increased institutional capacity:

  • With support from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate,  the Petroleum Commission undertook the first major  audit on the offshore TEN oilfield fiscal metering  system based on the new Petroleum Measurement  Regulations from 2016.

  • The environmental authorities in Ghana enhanced  their capacity within environmental data management,  environmental audits, management of emissions to  air/climate change and the use of chemicals in the  petroleum industry with support from the Norwegian Environment Agency.

  • Cooperation between Statistics Norway and the Ghana  Statistical Service resulted in the publication of data  from the Integrated Business Establishment Survey,  establishment of a Statistical Business Register and  development of questionnaires to acquire information  on oil investments in Ghana.

Increased transparency and accountability:

  • The public’s understanding and knowledge of the  petroleum sector and its impact on the environment  and society was increased in the SEA hearing process  with local government and stakeholders in the Voltain  Basin. The current analysis phase of SEA started in  2017 and is expected to be completed in 2018.
Oil for Development: Cooperation between Ghana and Norway
Ghana started producing oil in commercial quantities through the commissioning of the Jubilee field in December 2010. Norway has provided extensive petroleum related support to the country since 2008.
Published 02.07.2014
Last updated 27.09.2018