The Oil for Development programme in Ghana
Ghana sought assistance early on from Norway and other partners, with the aim of managing these natural resources well.
The aim is to enhance the legal framework and public sector capacity to avoid the ‘resource curse’ and secure inclusive growth from petroleum revenues.
Ghana has been a partner to the OfD programme since 2007 and now shares its expertise with other African countries that are embarking on oil and gas production.
The first five-year OfD programme between Ghana and Norway ended in 2014. Two new agreements on resource and environment governance were signed in 2015 and will continue through 2019. A new three-year agreement on petroleum revenue management was signed in 2018.
Key achievements 2017
Enhanced legal and regulatory framework:
- Ghana’s Ministry of Petroleum and Petroleum Commission has completed further regulations relating to the new petroleum exploration and production law with support from Norway’s Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Petroleum Directorate, Petroleum Safety Authority and legal experts. The petroleum HSE and data management regulations were passed by parliament and came into force in December 2017. The draft general petroleum regulations are nearly complete.
- A draft environmental policy related to the petroleum sector has been issued for stakeholder hearings. The OfD programme has assisted in drafting a regulation for pollution control of petroleum exploration and exploitation activities.
Increased institutional capacity:
- With support from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Petroleum Commission undertook the first major audit on the offshore TEN oilfield fiscal metering system based on the new Petroleum Measurement Regulations from 2016.
- The environmental authorities in Ghana enhanced their capacity within environmental data management, environmental audits, management of emissions to air/climate change and the use of chemicals in the petroleum industry with support from the Norwegian Environment Agency.
- Cooperation between Statistics Norway and the Ghana Statistical Service resulted in the publication of data from the Integrated Business Establishment Survey, establishment of a Statistical Business Register and development of questionnaires to acquire information on oil investments in Ghana.
Increased transparency and accountability:
- The public’s understanding and knowledge of the petroleum sector and its impact on the environment and society was increased in the SEA hearing process with local government and stakeholders in the Voltain Basin. The current analysis phase of SEA started in 2017 and is expected to be completed in 2018.