The Oil for Development programme in Sudan
The secession of South Sudan in 2011 has had dramatic consequences for Sudan’s income from oil production, as almost 80 percent of the oil came from the southern part of the country.
Despite the lifting of US sanctions, 2017 was characterized by a declining economy and popular protests against austerity measures.
Since 2005, Norway has assisted both South Sudan and Sudan in the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and later agreements. A programme agreement between the governments of Sudan and Norway was signed in 2012.
In 2016, Norway and Sudan signed a new four-year agreement for an OfD programme, building on the achievements from the previous phase.
Key achievements 2017
Enhanced legal and regulatory framework:
- Sudan’s first comprehensive petroleum policy was nearly completed. Much of 2017 was spent finalizing the draft and ensuring ownership and commitment to the policy within the Ministry of Petroleum and Gas (MOPG). When the policy is finalized, it will provide the basis for a revision of the legal framework in Sudan. The policy document analyses Sudan’s experience as a petroleum producing nation and points to the future of the upstream petroleum sector.
Increased institutional capacity:
- Through training and assistance from the Norwegian Mapping Authority, the MOPG has now enhanced its capacity to apply GIS software and to utilize the Sudan Petroleum Interactive Base Map. GIS is used to produce maps that show geological structures and may significantly enhance accuracy in the exploration phase. GDESH enhanced its knowledge on produced water and its effect on the environment, through sample collection and analyses undertaken with assistance from the Norwegian Environment Agency and a consultancy team.
- The Petroleum Safety Authority performed supervision training that enables the MOPG Safety Inspector to perform audits. Through an extensive HSE training program carried out in Norway, covering governance, collaboration between institutions, emergency preparedness, process safety and drilling and well safety, MOPG has enhanced its understanding and capacities on sound HSE management.