The Oil for Development programme in Sudan
The secession of South Sudan in 2011 has had dramatic consequences for Sudan’s income from oil production, as almost 80 percent of the oil came from the southern part of the country.
Since 2005, Norway has assisted both South Sudan and Sudan in the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and later agreements.
A programme agreement between the governments of Sudan and Norway was signed in 2012.
In 2016, Norway and Sudan signed a new four-year agreement for an OfD programme, building on the achievements from the previous phase.
Key achievements of programme activities
Increased institutional capacity
- The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining has improved its capacity to apply Geographic Information System (GIS) software and to utilise the Sudan Petroleum Interactive Base Map through training and cooperation with the Norwegian Mapping Authority.
- Continued training modules as part of the cooperation between the Ministry of Petroleum and Gas (MOPG) and Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) in Khartoum and Stavanger have covered topics such as geology, enhanced oil recovery, information technology and petroleum economics.
- The General Directorate for Environment, Safety and Health (GDESH) has enhanced its capacity regarding waste management through a project supported by the Norwegian Environment Agency.
- GDESH has further increased its knowledge related to produced water and its effect on the environment, and methods to mitigate such effects.
- MOPG safety inspectors performed audits independently, after having received training by the Petroleum Safety Authority.