The Oil for Development programme in Tanzania
Massive discoveries in recent years have raised the estimated gas reserves in Tanzania to more than 55 trillion cubic feet.
The first phase of the OfD programme expired in December 2016. During the first half of 2017 the partners to the programme completed their final preparations for a new programme phase.
Expecting an expeditious signing of a new programme agreement, government representatives from both Tanzania and Norway officially launched the programme in June 2017, and activities began. The programme agreement has still not been signed by Tanzania, and programme activities have been halted.
Key achievements 2017
Enhanced legal and regulatory framework:
- Petroleum regulatory competence was strengthened among leaders and colleagues in several institutions on mainland Tanzania and on Zanzibar through a study trip to Ghana’s petroleum regulatory institutions.
- The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of opening areas in Zanzibar for the oil and gas sector started with support from the OfD programme.
Increased institutional capacity:
- A first full-scale oil spill exercise was planned and conducted offshore Zanzibar. Government- and nongovernment resources from mainland Tanzania, Zanzibar and Mafia Island were mobilized. The exercise gave stakeholders a better understanding of different roles and responsibilities and revealed both strengths and weaknesses in existing procedures and equipment.
- A workshop on audits and regulations regarding petroleum safety and occupational health has led to (i) increased awareness of the legal basis and the regulative framework, (ii) better knowledge of routines and procedures, (iii) improved dialogue between institutions and the operating companies and (iv) increased safety awareness among operating companies and their suppliers. Institutions from both mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar participated.
Increased transparency and accountability:
- The WWF and their local partners influenced the newly enacted environmental impact assessment (EIA) guideline under the Environment Act to allow for the participation of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in EIAs. CSOs are now allowed to provide input to the planning of EIAs, and they can review and provide input to the EIA report and its monitoring plan. WWF partners influenced the government through a multistakeholder meeting facilitated by the WWF, and by submitting policy briefs.