The Oil for Development programme in Tanzania

The programme agreement for phase II (2017−2020) was signed in July 2018.

Massive discoveries in recent years have raised the estimated gas resources in Tanzania to more than 55 trillion cubic feet. Two minor fields are producing gas for the domestic market.

Oil for Development has been engaged in Tanzania since 2013 and is currently in its second phase. The programme agreement for phase II (2017−2020) was signed in July 2018. The delayed signing of the agreement has affected programme implementation.

Key achievements of programme activities

Increased institutional capacity
  • The Norwegian Environmental Agency assisted the Government of Zanzibar in conducting a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the Pemba-Zanzibar block.

  • A regional training conducted by the Norwegian Coastal Administration in cooperation with UN Environment contributed to increasing capacity on oil spill preparedness and on how to organise and manage an effective shoreline clean-up response. In Zanzibar there have been activities to start work on a contingency plan for Zanzibar-specific issues.

  • Staff from Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar institutions benefited from training courses on petroleum resource management organised by the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate.
Increased transparency and accountability

  • The newly enacted guidelines for Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) recognise civil society organisations (CSOs) as key stakeholders that the Government must consult when an SEA of oil and gas development is under planning. World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and partners played a key role in advocating for this mandate.

  • Capacity building provided by the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) to selected media houses in Tanzania has increased the frequency and quality of reporting on extractives governance in the country. Despite growing constraints on freedom of expression in Tanzania, this momentum encouraged public interrogation of the state’s involvement in the sector.
Published 02.07.2014
Last updated 28.06.2019